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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, DOIs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Author GuidelinesEdit Author Guidelines

Manuscript Submission (Can be submitted at or
Submission of a manuscript implies that;

  • The work described has not been published before,
  • It is not under consideration for publication anywhere else,
  • Its publication has been approved by all co-authors,

The publisher will not legally be responsible for any claims for compensation.

Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format, and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.

Authors should submit their manuscripts in electronic copy. Electronic submission should be made via the corresponding author's email account. The final decision concerning publication rests on Editor-in-Chief.

Article structure
The title page should include:

  • Title
  • The name(s) of the author(s)
  • The affiliation(s) and address(es) of the authors
  • The e-mail ID and telephone numbers of the corresponding author


  • The title should be clear, concise and informative, preferably within 20 words limit, in 14 point size Times New Roman font.
  • The author(s) name(s), affiliation(s) and e-mail ID should appear just below the title in 12 point Times New Roman font.
  • Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the respective address.
  • Provide the full postal address including the country name and email address of each author.

Corresponding author and authorship
Clearly indicate the author for correspondence at all stages of referring, publication, and post-publication. Contact details must be kept up to date by the corresponding author.

Authorship indicates the significant contribution of a person in conceptualizing the research idea, execution of the research, and writing the manuscript. Authors are discouraged to provide guest authorship to any individual without having significant contribution.

A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions within 250 words. The abstract should not contain any undefined abbreviations or unspecified references.

Keywords: Provide 3-5 keywords in alphabetical order, immediately after the abstract.

The paper must be divided into clearly defined sections starting with an introduction and ending with a conclusion. Use no more than three levels of displayed headings.

State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.

Materials and Methods
Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be replicated. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.

Results and Discussion
Results should be clear and concise with the significance of the work discussed simultaneously.

The main conclusions of the study should be presented in a short stand-alone conclusion section.

Length of Article
3000-5000 words.

Text Formatting

  • Manuscripts should be submitted in Microsoft Word file format.
  • Use a normal, plain 12-point Times New Roman font with 1.5 line spacing.
  • Use italics for emphasis.
  • Use the automatic page numbering function to number the pages.
  • Use tab stops or other commands for indents, not the space bar.
  • Use the table function, not spreadsheets, to make tables.
  • Use the equation editor or Math-Type for equations.
  • Save your file in *.doc format (Microsoft Word 1997-2003 versions) or *.docx format (Microsoft Word 2007 or later versions).

Abbreviations should be defined at first mention and used consistently thereafter.

Acknowledgements of people, grants, research and working institutions, etc. should be placed in a separate section before the reference list. Acknowledge only those who provided help during the research and writing manuscript. The names to be acknowledged should be written in full.

In-text citation
Cite references in the text by last name and year of publication in parentheses.

Single author: the author's last name and the year of publication- (Thompson, 1990) or Thompson (1990).

Two authors: both author's last name and the year of publication- (Becker & Seligman, 1996) or Becker and Seligman (1996).

Three or more authors: first author's last name followed by "et al." and the year of publication- (Kumar et al., 1999) or Kumar et al. (1999).

Groups of references should be cited first alphabetically and then chronologically. Example: "as demonstrated (Allan, 1996a, 1996b, 1999; Allan & Jones, 1995; Gurung, 2010); Rai (1995, 2000) have reported…

Reference list
The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication.

Personal communications should only be mentioned in the text.

Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last names of the first author of each work. Use the full form of a journal's name.

Journal article
Single author
Hakanson, L. (1984). On the relationship between lake trophic level and lake sediments. Water Research, 18, 303–314.

Multiple authors
Gurung, T.B., Dhakal, R.P., Husen, Md. A., & Jones, J.R. (2010). Abundance and nutrient limiting growth rate of heterotrophic bacterioplankton in Himalayan foot hill Lake Phewa, Nepal. Lakes and Reservoirs: Research and Management, 15, 53–61.

Article by DOI
Khadka, U.R., & Ramanathan, A.L. (2012). Major ion composition and seasonal variation in the Lesser Himalayan Lake: case of Begnas Lake of the Pokhara Valley, Nepal. Arabian Journal of Geosciences. doi 10.1007/s12517-012-0677-4 

Jorgensen, S.E., Loffler, H., Rast, W., & Straskraba, M. (2005). Lake and reservoir management. New York, Elsevier.

Chapter in an edited volume
Koirala, M. (2008). Non-timber forest products as alternative livelihood options in the transborder villages of eastern Nepal. In N. Chhettri, B. Shakya, & E. Sharma (Eds.), Biodiversity Conservation in the Kanchenjunga Landscape. ICIMOD, Kathmandu, pp.105-110.

Internet source
Cartwright, J. (2007). Big stars have weather too. IOP Publishing PhysicsWeb. Retrieved June 26, 2007 from

Conference proceedings publications
Grosse, W. (2003). Ecological values and economical benefits of wetland ecosystems in mountain areas. In F.P. Neupane, & K.M. Bajrachrya (Eds.), Proceedings of International Seminar on Mountains (pp.87-97). Kathmandu, Royal Nepal Academy of Science and Technology.

Unpublished dissertation
Dhamala, M.K. (2012). Plant diversity and conservation in alpine areas of Kanchanjunga Conservation Area, Nepal (Unpublished doctoral thesis), University of Dublin, Ireland.


  • All tables are to be numbered using Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3…etc.)
  • Tables should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.
  • For each table, please supply a table caption (title) explaining the components of the table.
  • Identify any previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference at the end of the table caption.
  • Footnotes to tables should be indicated by superscript lower-case letters (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data) and included beneath the table body.

Artwork, illustration, and figure
Submit all artwork – photographs, line drawings, figures, etc. in an electronic format either in .jpg or .tif with150 dpi or higher resolution.

Figure lettering

  • Keep lettering consistently sized throughout the artwork, preferably about 8-12 points. Variation of font size within an illustration should be minimal. For example, 8-point type on an axis and 20-point type for the axis label should be avoided.
  • Avoid effects such as shading, outline letters, etc.
  • Do not include titles or captions within the illustrations.

Figure numbering

  • All figures are to be numbered using Arabic numerals.
  • Figures should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.
  • Figure parts should be denoted by lowercase letters (a, b, c, etc.).
  • If an appendix appears in your article and contains one or more figures, continue the consecutive numbering of the main text. Do not number the appendix figures, "A1, A2, A3, etc."

Figure captions

  • Each figure should have a concise caption describing accurately what the figure depicts.
  • Figure captions begin with the term Fig. in bold type, followed by the figure number, also in bold type (e.g. Fig. 1).
  • No punctuation is to be included after the number, nor is any punctuation to be placed at the end of the caption.
  • Identify all elements found in the figure in the figure caption; and use boxes, circles, etc., as coordinate points in graphs.
  • Identify previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference citation at the end of the figure caption.

Figure size
The figures should be 39, 84 or 129 mm in width and less than 234 mm in height.

Submission checklist
Ensure that the following items are present, prior to sending to the journal for review. Please read carefully this Author's Guide for further details of any item.

  • E-mail addresses
  • Full postal address
  • Telephone number
  • Keywords
  • All figure captions
  • All tables (including title, description, footnotes)
  • The manuscript has been properly "spellchecked" and "grammar-checked"
  • References are in the correct format for this journal
  • All references mentioned

Research Articles

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